Posted by: wfpdc | November 2, 2011

Nile Basin Initiative – Moving Forward

For Uganda and Rwanda, two of the countries Water For People works in, the Nile river is a significant source of local water resources. Cooperation with the additional countries to manage water resources and mitigate decreasing water levels, will be crucial as these countries develop sustainable infrastructure and expand clean drinking water to 100% of their population.

“Our water resources specialists have predicted that most of the basin countries will be facing chronicle water stress by the year 2025. These statistics strengthen further the need for us to continue on the path of cooperation to plan at a basin-wide scale on how best we can develop and share the benefits from the invaluable resources of the Nile, for not only our generation but also for generations to come after us. …. Uganda, being both an upstream and downstream country and with about 98% of its water resources lying wholly in the Nile River Basin, attaches a lot of importance to trans-boundary cooperative management of shared water resources.” Hon. Maria Mutagamba, Minister of water and Environment of the Republic of Uganda. (Read additional statements from the Nile River Basin Ministers stressing the need for cooperation.)

The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) was formed on Feb. 22, 1999 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, by the Ministers responsible for Water Affairs for each of the nine member states (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda – Eritrea has an observer status). NBI shares a goal of “achieving sustainable socio-economic development through the equitable utilization of and benefit from the common Nile Basin water resources.”

On Oct. 28th, 2011, the NBI members signed the Kigali Declaration at the close of their 3rd Nile Basin Development Forum. The discussion and subsequent document focuses on mitigating the effects of climate change by respecting wetlands and biodiversity in the management of land and water resources. The Kigali Declaration further calls for increasing integrated planning and decision making and including civil society and NGO organizations in national and regional efforts to address climate change and eradicate poverty.




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